Breed Information

Chihuahuas: 101 Is a Chihuahua the right dog for you? Got your heart set on a puppy or are you open to the possibility of offering a home to a chi in need? We'll give you a complete look at this breed, including where and how to purchase one.

How they score: 0-5 Bones
General Breed Health
Easily Housebroken
Low Maintenance
Good w/Other Pets
Non-Shedding n/a

"Even the tiniest Poodle or Chihuahua is still a wolf at heart”

-Dorothy Hinshaw Patent (author)

Watch Dogs- This breed will wholeheartedly enjoy it's position as your bodyguard. You couldn't ask for a better alarm dog.

Size- While Chihuahuas in the show ring are no more than 6 pounds, a pet quality dog can weigh twice as much. Temperament and health, as opposed to size, should be the first considerationLooking for a teacup pup? Check here first.

Friendly- A 'people friendly' Chi is easy to achieve with lots of diverse socializing. By nature, most would be timid and/or passive-aggressive if left to their own free will.

Trainability- They're quick learners and they're eager to please. Training sessions work best when you limit the time you spend teaching new tricks to around 10-15 minutes per session. Because Chihuahuas are a toy breed, house training may not come as easy as you like. Consistency is key! Learn some basic training techniques here.

Loyalty- They are extremely loyal, but often devote themselves to only a single person. Though it's cute, unquestionably when a tiny dog fearlessly protects the lap of his chosen owner, but encouraging this behavior is stressful for the dog. Cute or not, the dog should be taken seriously and discouraged from too much unnecessary and overzealous protective behavior for his own mental well-being.

Excitability- More excitable than you might think, they can be aggressive and are not suitable for homes with small children. They also have no regard for the limitations of their own size and have no problem chasing or starting trouble with larger or more dangerous animals. For this reason, never leave your chi unharnessed outside the confines of your home.

General Breed Health- High risk of poorly bred and puppy mill dogs in this breed. See more below in Health Issues, below.

NOT non-shedding- We do have a whole page devoted to non-shedding small breed dogs, however, the chihuahua is not one of them. If dog hair is a huge problem for you, regardless of whether you choose a long-haired chihuahua or short-haired, you will have to deal with some degree of shedding.

Other Pets and Children- Regarding other pets, Chihuahuas can be very possessive. Socializing early and often is highly recommended if possible. Adopting an adult dog means you'll already know if the dog is tolerant of other animals. Where Children are involved, toy breed does NOT mean 'kid-sized'. Fearfulness can lead to snapping. Never allow a small child to mistreat or mishandle this fragile little dog.

Chihuahuas are extremely puppy mill prone.

There are thousand of really good and deserving chihuahuas, right now, dying needlessly in shelters. Meanwhile, puppy mill dogs suffer unimaginable abuse in order to over-produce puppies for the uninformed masses who are unknowingly paying large amounts of money to prolong their suffering.

This small, fragile and loyal dog is one of the most-often-killed breed in shelters. In fact, they are second only to pit bulls in the canine species.

Please watch the video we've included below. It's far from being an isolated case. There are over 10,000 puppy mills in the United States alone. These so-called businesses sell puppies online AND supply the pet store with puppies. 

Please don't be fooled by cute pictures on a web page. Even felons are allowed to own cameras. 

Breeders may not be felons, but a vast majority ARE preying on unsuspecting consumers and hiding their shameful behavior behind pretty backdrop settings adorned with pearls, bows, teacups and soda cans. Don't allow yourself to be their 'mark' simply because of your love for this or any other breed.

Even MORE About Chihuahuas… 

Frequent grooming- The long haired varieties of this breed needs regular grooming and brushing. Their hair can become very matted, but care should be taken in bathing. Harsh shampoos can can take the natural sheen from long coats and cause dry itchy skin. The smooth coat variety is much lower maintenance.

Behavioral Issues- Toy breeds are among the hardest dogs to housebreak and the Chi is no exception. You shouldn't be surprised by accidents (or on-purposes). Very small dogs also have very small bladders.

Separation Anxiety is common. Dogs show frustration by destructive chewing or barking or by hiking their leg on your potted houseplant.

Disregarding the hype- There is technically no such thing as a ‘tea cup’ breed of any dog. Likewise for 'pocket', 'mini' and 'toy' chihuahuas. These are invented terms used by irresponsible breeders to take advantage of unsuspecting consumers. More extremely shocking facts about teacup puppies

Cold Sensitivity- Never leave this dog outside in the elements for extended periods, with or without a sweater. 

This breed is not a good idea for people with small children. The smaller the dog, the more fragile he is. Even the most gentle of children can’t help mishandling a dog this small. 

They can also pack a serious bite despite their small size. All children should be supervised constantly around your dog to keep them both safe.

-Health Issues-

Hypoglycemia is a matter of concern for the owners of these small breed dogs. Often their tiny bodies are unable to properly regulate blood sugar. Symptoms range from lack of energy, shivering, loss of coordination to coma or even death. 

Patellar Luxation is a joint condition in which kneecaps pop in and out of place. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) reports that about 6% of chihuahuas are affected in varying degrees, but that number could be much higher. 

Hip Dysplasia is a developmental subluxation of the hip joints which can eventually lead to arthritis and/or lameness. It's causes are genetic as well as environmental. A secondary concern of this affliction is osteoarthritis

Legg-Calvé-Perthes syndrome is yet another joint condition affecting the lives of these fragile dogs. Accoding the Orthopedic Foundation for animals a staggering 33.3% are currently affected. Legg-Calvé-Perthes syndrome is degenerative and leads to bone loss and collapse of the hip joint. Early treatment can help to prevent degenerative arthritis. 

The use of pet steps has been shown to significantly reduce the wear and tear on joints. Please consider them if you own or plan to own a small breed dog.

Problems with teeth often occur because their mouths are so small that overcrowding becomes an issue and can lead to many secondary health conditions. Overcrowding of teeth can result in excessive tartar and plaque build-up due to food being lodged between them. Bacteria from dirty teeth is like poison. Once it enters the blood stream it can cause heart, liver and kidney disease much faster in tiny dogs. 

And it get worse...

The health risks above are even greater, both in severity and numbers when you take the chance of buying a pet store puppy or a website puppy. 

And worse...

Buying just one puppy condemns the mother dog to her cage to await another heat cycle so she can be bred again.

Reality T.V.
I've seen it up close and watched hundreds of dogs in some of the worst conditions imaginable, suffering with the most heinous of injuries and it's everywhere. 

Puppy milll dogs live, eat, sleep, give birth and die in tiny cages filled with their own excrement (add your own adjectives here for the people who could heartlessly treat them like disposable inventory). 

Be a part of the solution.

Check for a chihuahua near you in need of your kindness! There are thousands!

Learn more about dog adoption. There is a great chihuahua near you in need of rescue and he's eagerly waiting to reward you for your kindness. The best dog in the world could be just down the road, in your very own town... and running out of time.

longhaired black and tan chihuahua laying with head on paws.

Learn more about me, my art, the mission of this site and Rescue Dogs Are Better here.

We also welcome you to contact us if there are any other questions we can answer for you about anything you saw or read on this site.

  • 12"x18"
  • Weather and UV resistant
  • Heavy weight, HIGH END designer boutique quality you will not find in chain stores.
  • Double-sided - both sides are printed with same exact image!
  • Satisfaction Guarantee!
  • Direct from artist!
  • Learn more about me, my mission to save dogs and see more of my artwork HERE!
  • Want it personalized? Click here!


flag stand not included
5 chihuahuas garden flag with dogs on animal print chair near fireplace, faux fur, candles and puppies resting. 12 x 18

  • 12"x18"
  • Weather and UV resistant
  • Heavy weight, HIGH END designer boutique quality you will not find in chain stores.
  • Double-sided - both sides are printed with same exact image!
  • Satisfaction Guarantee!
  • Direct from artist!
  • Learn more about me, my mission to save dogs and see more of my artwork HERE!


flag stand not included

You might also like these. Click here for more garden flags!

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  • Dog Garden Flags Featuring Small Breed Dogs

    Dog garden flags featuring my own unique dog paintings! Double sided, high quality, “fetching” outdoor yard décor is also the perfect gift idea for pet lovers!

  • Christmas garden flag with Yorkies

    The two adorable Yorkies on this Christmas garden flag watch a train chug around a decorated miniature Christmas tree. Adds festive art to your outdoor space!

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